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The multistorey residential building No.9 on Bolshoy Znamensky Lane was built onsite the Church of the Icon of Rzhev Holy Mother of God on Prechistenskie Vorota square. Not long ago they have installed a memorial plate to commemorate the church that had been demolished in Soviet years.
The Church of the Icon of Rzhev Holy Mother of God on Prechistenskie Vorota Square was built in C16th and in the beginning was wooden. After a while the wooden church was replaced with a stone temple, which, however, burnt down not long after that. The church was very popular and loved by Muscovites, so the new building was there already in the end of the C17th. The bell-tower was on Gogolevsky Boulevard, while the altar overlooked Bolshoy Znamensky Lane. That is to say, the church was rather big. It was rebuilt again in the end of the C19th, when a new very unusual bell-tower was built – an exact copy of the church’s ancient tent-shaped belfry. At that time the church was famous for its white-stone iconostasis with glass mosaic. The iconostasis in the side-chapels were made of marble. It used to be one of the richest churches, mostly due to its aristocratic parishioners, such as Prozorovsky, Dolgoroukov and Volkonsky.
Unfortunately, the Church of the Icon of Rzhev Holy Mother of God on Prechistenskie Vorota Square was demolished by the Bolsheviks. A new, most common house was build onsite the church. Recently, they have discovered here the church’s basement, under which the Brook Chertory flows. This entire area was called once after this brook – Chertolie.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is a cathedral on the northern bank of the Moskva River, a few blocks southwest of the Kremlin. With an overall height of 103 metres it is the tallest Orthodox Christian church in the world.
The current church is the second to stand on this site. The original church, built during the 19th century, took more than 40 years to build. It was destroyed in 1931 during the Communist rule of Joseph Stalin. The demolition was supposed to make way for a colossal Palace of the Soviets that was never built, so the church was reconstructed in the 1990s on the same site.
The Cathedral is located on Volkhonka Street, which starts from Borovitskaya Square. The name of the street appeared at the end of the XVIII century when on the lands of the Volkonskis, a famous noble family was a popular tavern "Volkhonka". The street is one of the most ancient in Moscow. It was famous as a district for the rich.
This district is going to become Moscow Museum District. During the tour you will see and have the opportunity to visit a number of art museums: The Tsvetkovsky Gallery, The Ilya Glazunov Art Gallery, The Lopukhin Family Mansion (aka the Roerich Museum), Gallery of European and American Art of the C19th and C20th, The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, The Museum of Private Collections. While walking here you will understand why Moscow used to be accepted as a beautiful jewelry box. In the lanes you will discover old mansions and fall in love with stories of Russian noble families. Such are The Golitsyn Mansion, The Lopukhin Family Mansion, Obolonsky's Mansion, Sergey Tretyakov's Mansion etc. The Chambers of Averky Kirillov - a unique example of a large urban homestead. Chambers, Church of St. Nicholas and outbuildings along the waterfront are a single architectural complex.
Another bright example of Moscow architecture is Pertsova's Rental Apartment Mansions. The house was an apartment house, located on the corner of Soymonovsky passage and Prechistenskaya embankment, built in 1905-1907 by architects N. Zhukov and B.N. Shnaubert on sketches of the artist S.V. Malyutin, author of Russian nesting dolls. The house includes apartments and artists' studios in the upper attic of the building.