Malaya Bronnaya street

Длительность: 01:17:08
Язык экскурсии: Русский
Автор: Publisher "New book"

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During the C16th & C17th the area around the contemporary streets of Malaya and Bolshaya Bronnaya was called the Bronnaya SlobodA, or Settlement. It was an area where smiths making armour and chain-mail lived and worked. A Decree by Tsar Ivan the Terrible made it an area for craftsmen making swords and jewellery – and thus the area became Moscow's main area for armourers and ordnance-makers, called bronniki in Russian.

Many centuries ago the area around Malaya Bronnaya was home to settlements of craftsmen of arms and amour – bronniki in Russian. However, their wooden buildings along these lanes perished in fires over the years. Even the more substantial stone-built houses of merchants and barons here have mostly disappeared over time. However, from the latter half of the C19th the former metal-workers area became a popular home for Moscow's students – a bit like the Latin Quarter in Paris. This little corner of Moscow was packed with student cafes, clubs, and hostels providing accommodation for the needy students of the Imperial Moscow University. However, little is left of the shabby-chic student-era Bronnaya either, and today it's upward rise has made it one of the poshest parts of the capital. In fact the price of real estate here around Patriarch's Ponds is the highest in Moscow, equalled only by the top-priced properties along Ostozhenka and Prechistenka streets.

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Информация по экскурсии "Walking tour around Patriarch's Ponds"

We would like to offer you a very interesting tour in the centre of Moscow – around Patriarshiye Prudy or Patriarch’s Ponds. For the last 200 years, there has been only one pond known to the public, although, the name of Tryokhprudny Pereulok (lit. Three-Pond Lane) suggests there used to be more. It is known that in 1683-1684 Patriarch Joachim ordered to dig three ponds for drainage of wetlands and fish farming to the patriarchal table. So, such ponds were fishponds.

The area is named after the seventeenth century Patriarch's Goat Sloboda located on the Goat Marsh. This marsh once was connected by a brook to the Presnya River in the west; by 1739, when the first topographic map was compiled, the brook disappeared and the marsh separated from the Presnya. People considered the swamp as an anomalous zone; apparently this caused a proverb ("Thomas has hastened, but made people laugh - he sticked in Patriarshy").

The pond acquired its present shape and was cleaned up in 1830-31 in the frames of the plan to rebuild Moscow after the Fire of 1812.

At the beginning of the XX century the area around the Ponds was actively built up. Among the buildings appeared at this time, you can see the mansion of Tarasov. In 1924, the Soviet government in the fight against religion renamed the Patriarch's Ponds in Pioneer Ponds. In 1945 in Ermolaevsky Lane a house for senior military commanders of the USSR was built.

Near the Ponds you will find a monument to Ivan Krylov. The fabulist sits surrounded by animated characters of his works: a monkey in front of a mirror, barking pug after the elephant, crow with cheese.

This district is, directly or indirectly, connected with Russian poets: Karamzin, Zhukovsky, Pushkin, Gogol, Baratynsky, Krylov. Not far from the Ponds lived Vladimir Mayakovsky. In Tree-Pond Lane Marina Tsvetaeva was born.

The novel by Mikhail Bulgakov “Master and Margarita” begins at Patriarch's Ponds. During the tour you will see the Museum-Theatre "Bulgakov's House". The district has a number of museums: Yermolova Museum, State Museum of Oriental Art, Anton Chekhov’s Museum, Svyatoslav Richter Memorial Apartment, Alexey Tolstoy Memorial Apartment, Maxim Gorky Memorial House, etc.


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