--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
Along the odd-numbered side of Bolshoi Patriarshy lane you can see a wing of a large two-storeyed mansion jutting out. These days it's the Institute of African Studies.
The Institute of African Studies is a former apartment mansion building, differing sharply in style from other such investment projects of the pre-soviet period which are in an overtly Style-Moderne style. It's also quite different from soviet constructivist and post-constructivist style, making its building date of 1910 even more remarkable. All this has a relatively simple explanation. The architect took Palladio's Palazzo Thiene in Vicenza as his model, but altered the proportions of Palladio's designs along the lines of the Doge's palace in Venice.
The two-storey building of the African Studies Institute follows the streetline of Spiridonovka and Bolshoi Patriarshy lane, while the service quarters are concealed behind. The two buildings form an open courtyard. The architect's plans envisaged an arched colonnaded entrance opening onto inner courtyards. That plan has, regrettably, been subverted – the colonnade has been glazed-in and turned into office space.
The enormous two-storey mansion standing on the even-numbered side of Spiridonovka at the corner with Bolshoi Patriarshy Lane is now the Institute of African Studies.
We would like to offer you a very interesting tour in the centre of Moscow – around Patriarshiye Prudy or Patriarch’s Ponds. For the last 200 years, there has been only one pond known to the public, although, the name of Tryokhprudny Pereulok (lit. Three-Pond Lane) suggests there used to be more. It is known that in 1683-1684 Patriarch Joachim ordered to dig three ponds for drainage of wetlands and fish farming to the patriarchal table. So, such ponds were fishponds.
The area is named after the seventeenth century Patriarch's Goat Sloboda located on the Goat Marsh. This marsh once was connected by a brook to the Presnya River in the west; by 1739, when the first topographic map was compiled, the brook disappeared and the marsh separated from the Presnya. People considered the swamp as an anomalous zone; apparently this caused a proverb ("Thomas has hastened, but made people laugh - he sticked in Patriarshy").
The pond acquired its present shape and was cleaned up in 1830-31 in the frames of the plan to rebuild Moscow after the Fire of 1812.
At the beginning of the XX century the area around the Ponds was actively built up. Among the buildings appeared at this time, you can see the mansion of Tarasov. In 1924, the Soviet government in the fight against religion renamed the Patriarch's Ponds in Pioneer Ponds. In 1945 in Ermolaevsky Lane a house for senior military commanders of the USSR was built.
Near the Ponds you will find a monument to Ivan Krylov. The fabulist sits surrounded by animated characters of his works: a monkey in front of a mirror, barking pug after the elephant, crow with cheese.
This district is, directly or indirectly, connected with Russian poets: Karamzin, Zhukovsky, Pushkin, Gogol, Baratynsky, Krylov. Not far from the Ponds lived Vladimir Mayakovsky. In Tree-Pond Lane Marina Tsvetaeva was born.
The novel by Mikhail Bulgakov “Master and Margarita” begins at Patriarch's Ponds. During the tour you will see the Museum-Theatre "Bulgakov's House". The district has a number of museums: Yermolova Museum, State Museum of Oriental Art, Anton Chekhov’s Museum, Svyatoslav Richter Memorial Apartment, Alexey Tolstoy Memorial Apartment, Maxim Gorky Memorial House, etc.