--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
The address at Bolshaya Sadovaya street 10 has a special place in the heart of every fan of the legendary author Mikhail Bulgakov, author of the classic novel “The Master & Margarita”. Much of the fictional action takes place here at this very address at Number 10, in a “bad apartment” where “satanic” things occur. Actually in Bulgakov's time this house had a different number – 302 – but you can easily spot the building from its tell-tale Art Nouveau design and the central low arch. The arch now leads to a courtyard where you'll find two Bulgakov museums. At the first door is the Culture Centre, museum, and Bulgakov House – turn left through the arch, and use the bas-relief of “The Master & Margarita” to guide you. The second door leads to the “satanic” apartment, (apartment 50), where there's a second Bulgakov Museum.
“Master and Margarita” by Mikhail Bulgakov remained completely banned during the author's lifetime – yet went on to become a true cult classic of Russian C20th literature. For evidence of that cult we can point to numerous stage versions and several film adaptations – some even abroad. The novel rapidly reached the top favorites for most readers, mainly intelligentia, just after the first publication in the late 1960s, even a heavily-cut version. Though critics’ opinions on the novel vastly differ from each other even today, most of the people, especially moscovites, consider The Patriarch’s Ponds as Bulgakov’s place.
The address now inextricably linked with writer Bulgakov was built in 1908 as an investment by a merchant called Ilya Pigit – a mansion of apartments. Architects created an Art Nouveau with stucco porches, carved front doors, and cast-iron balustrades – many of which still remain, and museum visitors get a glimpse.
The Bulgakov House Cultural & Education Centre opened in 2004. There are dozens of tv-screens fitted to the walls in frames. The walls are also lined with a great number of framed historic documents – photographs, autographs, and letters. The centre also features a friendly cafe and a theatrical performance space called “Bu…”. There's also a yellow-eyed cat called Begemot, who is as black as tar, and is Chief Curator. Begemot The Cat is a main character in Bulgakov's novel “The Master & Margarita”.
Early in the C21st the Bulgakov House opened a special “Love Post” service. Why love? It's hard to give a straight answer, but it's clearly connected to “The Master & Margarita”. One of the main themes running through this multifacetted and complex novel is – love. Or at least, most readers see it that way. The museum provides a post-box where visitors can post their messages with their secret wishes and dreams. In 2007 the museum's managers decided to create a special Day When Your Wishes Come True. On the appointed day all the wishes and desires gathered throughout the year are sent aloft, tied to balloons.
The official Bulgakov Museum opened in 2007 in the same “bad” apartment mentioned in the novel “The Master & Margarita”, Apartment Number 50. It's in the waterwell courtyard at Bolshaya Sadovaya street 10.
The author Bulgakov lived here at Apartment 50 in the 1920s, in this Mansion Apartment building owned by philanthropist and merchant Ilya Pigit.
During the 1970s Bulgakov fans began to track down where he had lived and worked. Soon graffiti quotations from his works appeared on the stairways and passageways of his former house. Much of the action of his most famous novel “Master and Margarita” occurs at this address, in a so-called “bad apartment” where satanic things go on. Later on they had to paint the walls here with graffiti-resistant oil-paint. Shortly afterwards, an official museum was set up. So this staircase has a special role in the formation of the museum.
We would like to offer you a very interesting tour in the centre of Moscow – around Patriarshiye Prudy or Patriarch’s Ponds. For the last 200 years, there has been only one pond known to the public, although, the name of Tryokhprudny Pereulok (lit. Three-Pond Lane) suggests there used to be more. It is known that in 1683-1684 Patriarch Joachim ordered to dig three ponds for drainage of wetlands and fish farming to the patriarchal table. So, such ponds were fishponds.
The area is named after the seventeenth century Patriarch's Goat Sloboda located on the Goat Marsh. This marsh once was connected by a brook to the Presnya River in the west; by 1739, when the first topographic map was compiled, the brook disappeared and the marsh separated from the Presnya. People considered the swamp as an anomalous zone; apparently this caused a proverb ("Thomas has hastened, but made people laugh - he sticked in Patriarshy").
The pond acquired its present shape and was cleaned up in 1830-31 in the frames of the plan to rebuild Moscow after the Fire of 1812.
At the beginning of the XX century the area around the Ponds was actively built up. Among the buildings appeared at this time, you can see the mansion of Tarasov. In 1924, the Soviet government in the fight against religion renamed the Patriarch's Ponds in Pioneer Ponds. In 1945 in Ermolaevsky Lane a house for senior military commanders of the USSR was built.
Near the Ponds you will find a monument to Ivan Krylov. The fabulist sits surrounded by animated characters of his works: a monkey in front of a mirror, barking pug after the elephant, crow with cheese.
This district is, directly or indirectly, connected with Russian poets: Karamzin, Zhukovsky, Pushkin, Gogol, Baratynsky, Krylov. Not far from the Ponds lived Vladimir Mayakovsky. In Tree-Pond Lane Marina Tsvetaeva was born.
The novel by Mikhail Bulgakov “Master and Margarita” begins at Patriarch's Ponds. During the tour you will see the Museum-Theatre "Bulgakov's House". The district has a number of museums: Yermolova Museum, State Museum of Oriental Art, Anton Chekhov’s Museum, Svyatoslav Richter Memorial Apartment, Alexey Tolstoy Memorial Apartment, Maxim Gorky Memorial House, etc.