--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
The Karl Marx statue overlooks an attractive fountain, which depicts The Four Muses. Originally titled The Petrovsky Fountain, it now bears the name of its sculptor, Vitali.
Vitali's Fountain on Revolution square is the oldest working fountain in Moscow. It was designed by Italian sculptor Giovanni Vitali in 1835, who used the forename “Ivan” in Russia. On one side there's an inscription “Cast in metal by Ivan Vitali, Moscow, 1835”. Bronze cupids uphold the fountain's bowl, symbolising the muses of Music, Poetry, Comedy and Tragedy. And the fountain is a work of art itself. In olden days the fountain's water was pure clean. They watered horses from the lower bowls, and the fountain operated as a public standpipe – homes didn't have piped water, so Muscovites carried water home for domestic use. For many years it was out of use, but in 1995 it was restored to full operation once more.
Vitali's Fountain has a twin. In 1835 another of Vitali's fountains was erected on Lubyanka Square. It features four cherubs, representing the Four Oceans – supporting a fountain-bowl of red polished granite. These oceanic lads held the bowl there until 1932, when it was moved to the courtyard of the Academy of Sciences on Leninsky avenue – where it remains.
Moscow is the capital of the ancient and modern Russian state. It has been playing crucial role for centuries. Here you can face all episodes of rich and gorgeous Russian history.
The city is full of historical buildings, monuments, cathedrals, museums and parks. It started many centuries ago from the Kremlin – medieval city-fortress overlooking the Moskva River. Now it is not only the government seat but open air museum. Behind the tall red brick walls palaces, cathedrals and museums are hidden. You can get there through one of the gates and walk along the streets that saw Ivan the Terrible, Boris Godunov, Peter the Great and all other Romanovs, and the Soviet leaders.
You can visit all the cathedrals on Sobornaya (Cathedral) Square, climb Ivan the Great Bell Tower, take photos of the Tzar Bell and Tzar Cannon, see state regalia, ceremonial vestments and gold and silver relics in the world-known treasury-house – the Armoury Chamber. To say more, the Kremlin and its vicinities are on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
We would like to advise you not to concentrate on the Kremlin only. Now you can get out of the Kremlin through the Spasskiye Gate and find yourself on Red Square – the main square of the country where Victory Day parades take place. In winter there is a skating rink with some kind of souvenir bazar. Red Square is famous for being the part of so called Kitai-Gorod – the second ring of fortified walls. Here you will see the beautiful fairy-tale St. Basil’s Cathedral. It is open for tourists and it’s worth visiting. Other places that pay tourists’ attention are GUM (the main center for shopaholics), Lenin’s Mausoleum, the State History Museum and the small Cathedral of the Kazan Icon of Our Lady. If you go along Nikolskaya Street, you will get to Lubyanka Square with the imposing buildings of former KGB and the biggest in Russia Children's World Department Store.
If you decide to go through the Resurrection Gate you will find yourself on Manezhnaya (Manege) Square at the entrance to the Alexander Garden. It’s a large pedestrian open space and a nice place to walk and relax near the fountains. Underground Trade Centre ”Okhotny Ryad” or “the Hunter’s Row” is a paradise for shopping. You can continue your walk towards Arbat or Tverskaya Street. There are also fine buildings to visit and to take pictures of: The Shilov Art Gallery, hotels “Moskva”, “Nationale”, Pashkov's House, The Former House of the Moscow State Duma etc.
If you decide to turn round Georgy Zhukov’s horse monument you’ll occur on Revolution Square where you can visit the Museum of Patriotic War of 1812. From there it’s very easy to get to Teatralnaya or “Theatre” Square limited by the Metropol Hotel, The Bolshoi and the Maly Theatres. In the center you will find a beautiful fountain by Vitali.
All these sites and even more you will be able to visit and explore with knowledgeable audio excursion with offline map from Your Audio Guide “Attractions around the Kremlin”. You will find Moscow very pleasant for spending holidays.