--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
On the odd-numbered side of Mokhovaya Street is the triple-storeyed building of the Geological Museum, also called the Museum of the Earth's History. Like the adjacent University wing, the building is in the Empire Style.
The Vernadsky Geological Museum is dedicated to the history of our planet. The oldest scientific museum in Moscow is laid out along the ideas of Mikhail Lomonosov. The museum's collections were founded by scientists, collectors and philanthropists. In 1755, after the museum's opening, Urals mining millionaires the Demidov family donated a “Cabinet of Minerals” to the University, and Lomonosov himself studied them. The Demidovs subsequently expanded the mineral collection from the Urals and Siberian mines, amounting to a total of over 6000 items. This collection is truly unique.
The exhibitions of the Geological Museum cover more than five billion years of the earth's existence. The collections number more than three hundred thousand mineral, rock and fossil items sourced from all over the globe. There are precious, semi-precious, decorative and ornamental stones, and native metals. There's even a geological “kunstkamera”, a kind of Chamber of Curiosities – where rare and unusual creations of nature as sculptor, artist and sculptor – are on display in their strange and peculiar forms.
Mikhail Lomonosov was born in a remote village in the Russian North, where a literate neighbour taught him to read. By his late teens he had run away from home to Moscow, where he tried to enrol as a student by claiming to be a priest's son (and thus qualifying for free tuition). He was thrown out when the lie was discovered, but managed to study in Kiev. Every sphere of learning fascinated him – his researches covered physics, astronomy (he invented the reflection telescope, and proposed that Venus had an atmosphere), chemistry (he was the first to successfully freeze mercury) and geography - in which he proposed the theory of continental drift. None of this prevented him simultaneously creating artworks in enameled mosaics and publishing a reformed dictionary of the Russian Language. Lomonsov's achievements are recognised both on earth and in space – in addition to Moscow University being named after him, while there are craters on the Moon and on Mars which bear his name.
Moscow is the capital of the ancient and modern Russian state. It has been playing crucial role for centuries. Here you can face all episodes of rich and gorgeous Russian history.
The city is full of historical buildings, monuments, cathedrals, museums and parks. It started many centuries ago from the Kremlin – medieval city-fortress overlooking the Moskva River. Now it is not only the government seat but open air museum. Behind the tall red brick walls palaces, cathedrals and museums are hidden. You can get there through one of the gates and walk along the streets that saw Ivan the Terrible, Boris Godunov, Peter the Great and all other Romanovs, and the Soviet leaders.
You can visit all the cathedrals on Sobornaya (Cathedral) Square, climb Ivan the Great Bell Tower, take photos of the Tzar Bell and Tzar Cannon, see state regalia, ceremonial vestments and gold and silver relics in the world-known treasury-house – the Armoury Chamber. To say more, the Kremlin and its vicinities are on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
We would like to advise you not to concentrate on the Kremlin only. Now you can get out of the Kremlin through the Spasskiye Gate and find yourself on Red Square – the main square of the country where Victory Day parades take place. In winter there is a skating rink with some kind of souvenir bazar. Red Square is famous for being the part of so called Kitai-Gorod – the second ring of fortified walls. Here you will see the beautiful fairy-tale St. Basil’s Cathedral. It is open for tourists and it’s worth visiting. Other places that pay tourists’ attention are GUM (the main center for shopaholics), Lenin’s Mausoleum, the State History Museum and the small Cathedral of the Kazan Icon of Our Lady. If you go along Nikolskaya Street, you will get to Lubyanka Square with the imposing buildings of former KGB and the biggest in Russia Children's World Department Store.
If you decide to go through the Resurrection Gate you will find yourself on Manezhnaya (Manege) Square at the entrance to the Alexander Garden. It’s a large pedestrian open space and a nice place to walk and relax near the fountains. Underground Trade Centre ”Okhotny Ryad” or “the Hunter’s Row” is a paradise for shopping. You can continue your walk towards Arbat or Tverskaya Street. There are also fine buildings to visit and to take pictures of: The Shilov Art Gallery, hotels “Moskva”, “Nationale”, Pashkov's House, The Former House of the Moscow State Duma etc.
If you decide to turn round Georgy Zhukov’s horse monument you’ll occur on Revolution Square where you can visit the Museum of Patriotic War of 1812. From there it’s very easy to get to Teatralnaya or “Theatre” Square limited by the Metropol Hotel, The Bolshoi and the Maly Theatres. In the center you will find a beautiful fountain by Vitali.
All these sites and even more you will be able to visit and explore with knowledgeable audio excursion with offline map from Your Audio Guide “Attractions around the Kremlin”. You will find Moscow very pleasant for spending holidays.