--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
One of Moscow's grandest open spaces is Theatre square. It gets its name from being surrounded on three sides by theatres. In the centre, the newly-reopened Bolshoi Theatre main stage; to the right, the Small Drama Theatre; and to the left, the huge building of the State Youth Theatre, formerly called the State Children's Theatre. The Theatre Fountain occupies pride of place in the centre of the square.
On the other side of the main road is a separately-named square – Revolution square. In its centre is a large granite bust of the great Revolutionary himself, Karl Marx, and to his left, the Metropole hotel. On the other side of the square is the gigantic edifice of the Hotel “Moskva”.
Before the C19th Theatre square was named Petrovsky square, since it bisected Petrovka street. For a short while it was called Flower Square, because a flower market traded here. The present name emerged in the 1820s, when the Bolshoi and Maly theatres appeared on the square. In 1919 it was again renamed as Sverdlov square, in honour of one of Lenin's henchmen, Yakov Sverdlov. They even put a statue of Sverdlov on the square, but it was dismantled and removed in 1991, when the square was once again renamed Theatre Square. Where trolleybuses once ran there's now an attractive square with a fountain – a favourite meeting-place for WW2 veterans on Victory Day, May 9th
Moscow is the capital of the ancient and modern Russian state. It has been playing crucial role for centuries. Here you can face all episodes of rich and gorgeous Russian history.
The city is full of historical buildings, monuments, cathedrals, museums and parks. It started many centuries ago from the Kremlin – medieval city-fortress overlooking the Moskva River. Now it is not only the government seat but open air museum. Behind the tall red brick walls palaces, cathedrals and museums are hidden. You can get there through one of the gates and walk along the streets that saw Ivan the Terrible, Boris Godunov, Peter the Great and all other Romanovs, and the Soviet leaders.
You can visit all the cathedrals on Sobornaya (Cathedral) Square, climb Ivan the Great Bell Tower, take photos of the Tzar Bell and Tzar Cannon, see state regalia, ceremonial vestments and gold and silver relics in the world-known treasury-house – the Armoury Chamber. To say more, the Kremlin and its vicinities are on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
We would like to advise you not to concentrate on the Kremlin only. Now you can get out of the Kremlin through the Spasskiye Gate and find yourself on Red Square – the main square of the country where Victory Day parades take place. In winter there is a skating rink with some kind of souvenir bazar. Red Square is famous for being the part of so called Kitai-Gorod – the second ring of fortified walls. Here you will see the beautiful fairy-tale St. Basil’s Cathedral. It is open for tourists and it’s worth visiting. Other places that pay tourists’ attention are GUM (the main center for shopaholics), Lenin’s Mausoleum, the State History Museum and the small Cathedral of the Kazan Icon of Our Lady. If you go along Nikolskaya Street, you will get to Lubyanka Square with the imposing buildings of former KGB and the biggest in Russia Children's World Department Store.
If you decide to go through the Resurrection Gate you will find yourself on Manezhnaya (Manege) Square at the entrance to the Alexander Garden. It’s a large pedestrian open space and a nice place to walk and relax near the fountains. Underground Trade Centre ”Okhotny Ryad” or “the Hunter’s Row” is a paradise for shopping. You can continue your walk towards Arbat or Tverskaya Street. There are also fine buildings to visit and to take pictures of: The Shilov Art Gallery, hotels “Moskva”, “Nationale”, Pashkov's House, The Former House of the Moscow State Duma etc.
If you decide to turn round Georgy Zhukov’s horse monument you’ll occur on Revolution Square where you can visit the Museum of Patriotic War of 1812. From there it’s very easy to get to Teatralnaya or “Theatre” Square limited by the Metropol Hotel, The Bolshoi and the Maly Theatres. In the center you will find a beautiful fountain by Vitali.
All these sites and even more you will be able to visit and explore with knowledgeable audio excursion with offline map from Your Audio Guide “Attractions around the Kremlin”. You will find Moscow very pleasant for spending holidays.