--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
The red-brick building with the silver-coloured roofing is the History Museum. In front of it stands an equine statue of Marshall Zhukov.
The building of the State History Museum was executed in the neo-Russian style popular in the latter C19th. Elements of ancient wooden architecture were deployed in the decoration of the exteriors. Its founders envisaged a display of Russia's entire history, arranged in historical order, and encompassing the whole history of the state. The finest artists of the day were commissioned to design the interiors, and the opening was timed to coincide with the coronation of Tsar Alexander III.
Standing by the official entrance to the History Museum on Red Square we enjoy a magnificent panorama view. Beginning from the left, we see the enormous frontage of GUM, stretching as far as the eye can see. To the right we see the Nikolskaya Tower of the Kremlin Walls, and a little further along there's Lenin's Mausoleum. Finally, on the horizon at the far end of the square we see the multicoloured domes of St.Basil's Cathedral.
The History Museum occupies the northern end of Red Square. Previously on the spot had stood the Moscow City Office, then the city's first apothecary's, then the first Chinese restaurant, and finally Moscow's first University building. Nowadays it’s the largest history museum in the country – the collections reflect the history and culture of Russia from pre-history to the present day. The interiors of the museum building approximate different historical periods, replicating different decorative styles of churches and noble palaces. The collections have been amassed over more than one-and-a-half centuries, numbering over 5 million items and 14 million pages of historical documents. Altogether one-twelfth of all Russia's complete state history collections are on view at the museum.
Moscow is the capital of the ancient and modern Russian state. It has been playing crucial role for centuries. Here you can face all episodes of rich and gorgeous Russian history.
The city is full of historical buildings, monuments, cathedrals, museums and parks. It started many centuries ago from the Kremlin – medieval city-fortress overlooking the Moskva River. Now it is not only the government seat but open air museum. Behind the tall red brick walls palaces, cathedrals and museums are hidden. You can get there through one of the gates and walk along the streets that saw Ivan the Terrible, Boris Godunov, Peter the Great and all other Romanovs, and the Soviet leaders.
You can visit all the cathedrals on Sobornaya (Cathedral) Square, climb Ivan the Great Bell Tower, take photos of the Tzar Bell and Tzar Cannon, see state regalia, ceremonial vestments and gold and silver relics in the world-known treasury-house – the Armoury Chamber. To say more, the Kremlin and its vicinities are on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
We would like to advise you not to concentrate on the Kremlin only. Now you can get out of the Kremlin through the Spasskiye Gate and find yourself on Red Square – the main square of the country where Victory Day parades take place. In winter there is a skating rink with some kind of souvenir bazar. Red Square is famous for being the part of so called Kitai-Gorod – the second ring of fortified walls. Here you will see the beautiful fairy-tale St. Basil’s Cathedral. It is open for tourists and it’s worth visiting. Other places that pay tourists’ attention are GUM (the main center for shopaholics), Lenin’s Mausoleum, the State History Museum and the small Cathedral of the Kazan Icon of Our Lady. If you go along Nikolskaya Street, you will get to Lubyanka Square with the imposing buildings of former KGB and the biggest in Russia Children's World Department Store.
If you decide to go through the Resurrection Gate you will find yourself on Manezhnaya (Manege) Square at the entrance to the Alexander Garden. It’s a large pedestrian open space and a nice place to walk and relax near the fountains. Underground Trade Centre ”Okhotny Ryad” or “the Hunter’s Row” is a paradise for shopping. You can continue your walk towards Arbat or Tverskaya Street. There are also fine buildings to visit and to take pictures of: The Shilov Art Gallery, hotels “Moskva”, “Nationale”, Pashkov's House, The Former House of the Moscow State Duma etc.
If you decide to turn round Georgy Zhukov’s horse monument you’ll occur on Revolution Square where you can visit the Museum of Patriotic War of 1812. From there it’s very easy to get to Teatralnaya or “Theatre” Square limited by the Metropol Hotel, The Bolshoi and the Maly Theatres. In the center you will find a beautiful fountain by Vitali.
All these sites and even more you will be able to visit and explore with knowledgeable audio excursion with offline map from Your Audio Guide “Attractions around the Kremlin”. You will find Moscow very pleasant for spending holidays.