--:-- • --:--Пример экскурсии
This segment of Manège Street – running parallel with the Alexander Gardens – offers a view of a huge modern white-marble building within the Kremlin Walls. It's the State Kremlin Palace. Still within the Kremlin Walls, but closer to us is the Baronial Entertainment-Palace, an attractive building easily recognised by the small gold domes of its domestic chapel. In the C17th different kinds of theatricals were put on for the royal family and their circle – thus the name Poteshny, which means “Entertainment”. These days it's the offices of the Kremlin Commendant, and not very entertaining at all.
The Kremlin Palace of Congresses was completed in 1961. The architecture has always been controversial, but it remains home to one of Moscow's best-loved children's events – the New Year Christmas Tree concerts. It's the world's largest theatrical building, seating up to 6000 spectators. Performances are given here by leading orchestras, soloists and artistes from around the world.
The Poteshny, or Entertainment Palace was built in1651 as a gift for Baron Alexei Miloslavsky, father of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich's wife, who in turn was father of Tsar Peter the Great. The Tsar didn't stint a kopek on this palace for his beloved wife's dad – a handsome three-storey mansion with a domestic chapel, outbuildings, and deep cellars for wines and provisions. The talented, if unknown architect managed to arrange the entire array of facilities of a lordly mansion on a relatively small ground area. After Miloslavsky's death the building became the Treasury for a while – then from 1679 it became used for theatrical entertainments.
During the C19th the Commendant of Moscow resided at the Poteshny Palace, while in the C20th it became Stalin's personal residence in the Kremlin.
And thus it was here on 7th November 1932 that Nadezhda Alleluyeva, Stalin's wife, shot herself, aged just 30. Her rooms looked onto the Alexander Gardens, facing the Holy Trinity Gate. After her suicide Stalin could no longer live in the Poteshny Palace, and gave the apartments to his Party colleague Bukharin. But only a few years after the housewarming Stalin handed Bukharin over to the Kremlin executioners.
Moscow is the capital of the ancient and modern Russian state. It has been playing crucial role for centuries. Here you can face all episodes of rich and gorgeous Russian history.
The city is full of historical buildings, monuments, cathedrals, museums and parks. It started many centuries ago from the Kremlin – medieval city-fortress overlooking the Moskva River. Now it is not only the government seat but open air museum. Behind the tall red brick walls palaces, cathedrals and museums are hidden. You can get there through one of the gates and walk along the streets that saw Ivan the Terrible, Boris Godunov, Peter the Great and all other Romanovs, and the Soviet leaders.
You can visit all the cathedrals on Sobornaya (Cathedral) Square, climb Ivan the Great Bell Tower, take photos of the Tzar Bell and Tzar Cannon, see state regalia, ceremonial vestments and gold and silver relics in the world-known treasury-house – the Armoury Chamber. To say more, the Kremlin and its vicinities are on the UNESCO World Heritage list.
We would like to advise you not to concentrate on the Kremlin only. Now you can get out of the Kremlin through the Spasskiye Gate and find yourself on Red Square – the main square of the country where Victory Day parades take place. In winter there is a skating rink with some kind of souvenir bazar. Red Square is famous for being the part of so called Kitai-Gorod – the second ring of fortified walls. Here you will see the beautiful fairy-tale St. Basil’s Cathedral. It is open for tourists and it’s worth visiting. Other places that pay tourists’ attention are GUM (the main center for shopaholics), Lenin’s Mausoleum, the State History Museum and the small Cathedral of the Kazan Icon of Our Lady. If you go along Nikolskaya Street, you will get to Lubyanka Square with the imposing buildings of former KGB and the biggest in Russia Children's World Department Store.
If you decide to go through the Resurrection Gate you will find yourself on Manezhnaya (Manege) Square at the entrance to the Alexander Garden. It’s a large pedestrian open space and a nice place to walk and relax near the fountains. Underground Trade Centre ”Okhotny Ryad” or “the Hunter’s Row” is a paradise for shopping. You can continue your walk towards Arbat or Tverskaya Street. There are also fine buildings to visit and to take pictures of: The Shilov Art Gallery, hotels “Moskva”, “Nationale”, Pashkov's House, The Former House of the Moscow State Duma etc.
If you decide to turn round Georgy Zhukov’s horse monument you’ll occur on Revolution Square where you can visit the Museum of Patriotic War of 1812. From there it’s very easy to get to Teatralnaya or “Theatre” Square limited by the Metropol Hotel, The Bolshoi and the Maly Theatres. In the center you will find a beautiful fountain by Vitali.
All these sites and even more you will be able to visit and explore with knowledgeable audio excursion with offline map from Your Audio Guide “Attractions around the Kremlin”. You will find Moscow very pleasant for spending holidays.